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Demographics of Odisha

People of Odisha:
Odisha accounts for 3.47 per cent of the total population of country. The population density of the state is 269 as against the national average of 382 per sq.km. The sex ratio (Females per one thousand males) of the state encouragingly stands at 978 against the national ratio of 940. However, urban sex ratio of Odisha remains lower at 934 as against the rural sex ratio of 988. The state is ranked at eleventh position in terms of Population in India. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes form 16.53% and 22.13% of the state population, constituting 38.66% of the State population. Some of the important tribes are Santhal, Bonda, Munda, Oraon, Kandha, Mahali and Kora.

Literacy:
Going by the figures provided by latest Census of India 2011, Odisha literacy rate has improved by 10% in this decade. According to the Census of India 2011 the literacy rate in Odisha is 73.45%, with 82.40% of males and 64.36% of females being literate. Odisha Government has taken significant measures to improve quality of education in the state. Better education facilities are offered to the people especially in the remote cities and towns of Odisha.

Language:
Odia, one of the oldest languages in the country having Sanskritic origin, is the predominant language spoken in the State and its outlying tracts. It is spoken as a native language by 84% of the population. Other linguistic minorities in the state are Bengali, Hindi, Telugu, Santali. Odia is the official language of the State. English is spoken by the educated few.

Demographic Profile
Total Population (According to the 2011 census of India) 41974218
Population Size (Males) 21212136
Population Size (Females) 20762082
Literacy 72.87 %
Literacy (Male) 81.59 %
Literacy (Female) 62.46 %
Growth in nominal GDP (2013-14) 12.90 %
Growth in capital income (2013) Rs. 49,489 (18.1% Growth)
Density of Population (Per Sq. Km) 270
Sex Ratio (Females Per 1000 Males) 979
Total Urban Population (According to the 2011 census of India) 7003656
Urban Population Size(Males) 3625933
Urban Population Size (Females) 3377723
Urban Sex Ratio (Females Per 1000 Males) 932
Urban Literacy 85.75 %
Urban Literacy (Male) 90.72 %
Urban Literacy (Female) 74.31 %
Total Rural Population (According to the 2011 census of India) 3,49,70562
Rural Population Size (Males) 1,75,86203
Rural Population Size (Females) 17384359
Rural Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males) 989
Rural Literacy 70.22 %
Rural Literacy (Male) 79.65 %
Rural Literacy (Female) 59.95 %


District wise information of Population, Growth, Sex ratio, Literacy and Density are as follows.
District Population Male Female Growth Ratio Literacy Density
Anugul 1271703 654898 616805 11.55 942 78.96 199
Balangir 1648574 831349 817225 23.29 983 65.5 251
Baleshwar 2317419 1184371 1133048 14.47 957 80.66 609
Bargarh 1478833 748332 730501 9.84 976 75.16 253
Baudh 439917 220993 218924 17.82 991 72.51 142
Bhadrak 1506522 760591 745931 12.95 981 83.25 601
Cuttack 2618708 1339153 1279555 11.86 955 84.2 666
Debagarh 312164 158017 154147 13.88 976 73.07 106
Dhenkanal 1192948 612597 580351 11.82 947 79.41 268
Gajapati 575880 282041 293839 10.99 1042 54.29 133
Ganjam 3520151 1777324 1742827 11.37 981 71.88 429
Jagatsinghapur 1136604 577699 558905 7.47 967 87.13 681
Jajapur 1826275 926058 900217 12.43 972 80.44 630
Jharsuguda 579499 297014 282485 13.69 951 78.36 274
Kalahandi 1573054 785179 787875 17.79 1003 60.22 199
Kandhamal 731952 359401 372551 12.92 1037 65.12 91
Kendrapara 1439891 717695 722196 10.59 1006 85.93 545
Kendujhar 1802777 907135 895642 15.42 987 69 217
Khordha 2246341 1166949 1079392 19.65 925 87.51 799
Koraput 1376934 677864 699070 16.63 1031 49.87 156
Malkangiri 612727 303913 308814 21.53 1016 49.49 106
Mayurbhanj 2513895 1253633 1260262 13.06 1005 63.98 241
Nabarangapur 1218762 604046 614716 18.81 1018 48.2 230
Nayagarh 962215 502194 460021 11.3 916 79.17 247
Nuapada 606490 300307 306183 14.28 1020 58.2 157
Puri 1697983 865209 832774 13 963 85.37 488
Rayagada 961959 469672 492287 15.74 1048 50.88 136
Sambalpur 1044410 529424 514986 11.63 973 76.91 158
Subarnapur 652107 332897 319210 20.35 959 74.42 279
Sundargarh 2080664 1055723 1024941 13.66 971 74.13 214


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