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River Brahmani

River Brahmani
The river Brahmani is the second largest river in Odisha and also it is a major seasonal river in the Odisha state of Eastern India. The Brahmani is 799kms long (541kms in Odisha) and its catchment area spreads over 39,033 sq kms.

It originates as two major rivers like the Sankh and the Koel from the chotanagpur plateau of Bihar and both join at Ved Vyasa near Rourkela in Sundargarh district of Odisha forming the major river Brahmani. It flows through the Eastern Ghats in Sundargarh, Keonjhar, Dhenkanal, Cuttack and Jajpur districts into the coastal plains of Odisha. The Brahmani delta is the site of the Bhitarkanika wildlife sanctuary, famous for its estuarine crocodiles. Together with the rivers Mahanadi and Baitarani, it forms a large delta before entering into the Bay of Bengal at Dhamra.

There is a dam at Rengali in Debgarh district, and also exists a barrage before Talcher called Samal Barrage on the river. The Jokadia and the Jenapur anicuts are the other irrigation projects on the river. The river is also crossed by the Odisha Coast Canal that takes water from it.

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