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Infrastructure of Odisha

Odisha has outclassed many states of the country to emerge as one of the fastest growing states in the country. In fact it is one of the fastest growing state in infrastructure development in India. The government of India and the state government of Odisha would work together to erect world class infrastructure in this state. The major agenda of both the government of India and the state government of Odisha has become developing infrastructure in agriculture, education, healthcare, clean drinking water, transport, energy/rural electrification, communication etc. Now Odisha has become the investment destination of the country and the hub of India’s emerging industries. New Tourism Policy has been launched for creation of more tourism infrastructure, employment generation and opportunities for self employment with provision of incentives to the investors.

Agriculture:
Agriculture is the mainstay of the state’s economy. It provides employment and sustenance, directly or indirectly to more than 60% of the population. So the development of the state is mainly dependent upon the growth in agriculture sector.

The state government is committed to usher in a sustainable and inclusive growth in the agriculture sector and emphasizes on timely and proper implementation of various developmental interventions under different programmes with the prime objective of economic well being of the farmers as well as providing food and nutritional security for the people of Odisha.

One of the major programmes of the Government has been to give a big thrust to agriculture for which the Government has implemented comprehensive and inclusive State Agriculture Policy and a separate budget has been made for development of this sector and welfare of the farmers with special focus on landless agricultural laborers, small and marginal farmers, and under privileged class of society. Loan at minimum rate of interest has been made available to farmers. The state government is working on some major programmes like Biju Krushka Vikash Yojana (BKVY) & Pani Panchayat for irrigation.


Education:
The state of Odisha has become a centre of learning in the eastern India after it became a separate state on 1st April 1936. After Independence a lot of reforms have been made in the education system of Odisha to make it appreciated. Because of the reforms the standard of education in Odisha is qualitative. Subsequent Governments have taken a lot of initiatives to make the standard of education more attractive. The education system of Odisha has given base to a lot of Engineering and professional institutes. The students of various faculties of Odisha are earning reputation globally because of a sound infrastructure of education in Odisha. In recent years students from different part of India are coming to Odisha for higher education. It can be said that a revolution in the sphere of education has been started in Odisha after 90s. Odisha now a day is providing best infrastructure for general education, technical education, professional education and vocational education. So many institutes of national and international reputation are eagerly choosing Odisha as their destinations because education in this soil has a bright and prosperous future.

The state capital Bhubaneswar, is emerging as a knowledge hub in India with several new public and private universities, including the establishment of an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and an All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), are India's new National Universities by the government, as well as Vedanta University, one of the world's largest private universities. Today the state has some of the renowned universities in the country. Some of the major universities are the Biju Patnaik University of Technology, Kalinga institute of Industrial Technology, Shir Jagannath Sanskrit Vishvavidyalaya, Fakir Mohan University, Utkal University, National Institute of Technology, Odisha University of Agriculture and many more. The prestigious NIT Rourkela is an institute of national importance.

The state government has taken initiatives not only for quantitative expansion but also for qualitative improvement in education at all levels. The state has promulgated the Odisha Right of Children to free and Compulsory Education Rules, 2010. Free text books and uniforms are being supplied to students. In order to improve access to elementary education and to achieve 100% enrolment, the Government has relaxed the norm for opening of new primary schools.

The Government has given special focus on development of educational infrastructure in tribal and backward areas through various schemes to improve retention rate and to check dropouts among under privileged students. Infrastructure development of ITIs, Diploma & Engineering Colleges has been given priority to meet the skilled manpower requirement.

Health Care:
Like education health constitutes a part of the social infrastructure and combinedly they reflect the development scope of human capital. Before independence many states of India were basically underdeveloped in providing the health services and so many factors were responsible for this. Since independence the health infrastructure of Odisha is gradually developing and maintaining a standard. For providing qualitative medical services to the people, medical education has become a top priority. At the distribution pattern of number of health centres per lakh population, the position of Odisha compared with the national average is found to be relatively better. 

Keeping the importance of the matter in mind three government medical colleges and an All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) have been started with good infrastructure which are best at specialized treatments for various diseases. And In the rural areas Primary Health Centres, Sub-Primary Health Centres are there to take care of the patients. In recent years the ground for health infrastructure has been designed in such a manner which attracts reputed players in the health sectors to invest in Odisha. As a result of which a number of specialized hospitals in their concerned fields have opened their branches in Odisha.

Besides a no. of private hospitals, large numbers of high standard nursing homes, diagnostic centres, pathological labs, clinics, are operating through out Odisha for which the state has become a hot destination for medical facilities in the eastern India. The patients from neighboring states are coming in large numbers everyday for getting best medical care.

The Government of Odisha is working efficiently to provide the best available medical facilities to the people. So as an initiative, the Government has persuaded many best hospitals of India for operating in Odisha. The state Government is providing basic infrastructure facilities in a fine tuned manner to the investors of medical sector. The days are over when people of Odisha were going for a general medical test to far away, but the wind has started blowing in the favour of Odisha and people from far away have started coming here because we provide advanced medical facilities.

Energy/rural electrification:
Odisha has been a pioneer among states in India in embarking on a comprehensive reform of the power industry of the state. Modern economic development is closely interrelated with the development of the energy infrastructure.  In order to bridge the development gap between space and people and also to lay the foundation of a modern agricultural economy by the application of modern inputs and technology the country has been striving for generation of more electricity, cent per cent electrification of the villages and progressive increase in per capital consumption of electricity. The state has covered 87% village electrification.

The government has embarked upon ambitious programmes for improvement of transmission and distribution system, reduction in distribution loss, shifting of transformers from schools and colleges premises to prevent accidents, setting up separate feeder for agriculture clusters, system strengthening of elephant corridor etc. Apart from Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana, Biju Grama Jyoti Yojana and Biju Saharanchal Vidyutikaran Yojana are being implemented to provide access to electricity to all. 

Roads:
Roads are considered the most important component of infrastructure, to which nations economy either directly or indirectly connected. Constructing high quality roads of international standard has come to reality in the soil of Odisha because of the potential will of the Government of Odisha.

The state has a great network of roads along with national highways. National highway numbers 5, 6, 23, 42 and 43 run through the state. The State is connected to other neighboring states like west Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Chhatisgarh, through all weather high standard roads.

Major roads of the state are covered by Pradhan Mantri Bharat Jodo Pari Yojana (PMBJP). The approaching roads to the main roads have qualitatively improved. There is an another project Odisha State Roads Project (OSRP) is working for state road development. In recent years the internal roads connecting villages, hamlets have become R.C.C roads. The roads connecting to Gram Panchayat Road and Taluka (Block) Road have also been constructed through R.C.C. In recent days attempts have been made for constructing roads through Public Private Partnership (PPP).


Rails:
Odisha is well-connected with the national rail network. Major cities of Odisha are well connected to all the major cities of India by direct daily trains and weekly trains. Most of the railway network in Odisha lies under the jurisdiction of the East Coast Railway (ECoR) with headquarters at Bhubaneswar and some parts under South Eastern Railway and South East Central Railway.

The Odisha railway network is the largest carrier of commercial load in both freight as well as passenger traffic in the country. Odisha is a link between Eastern and Western India through the railway network of South- Eastern and East-Coast Railways. Bhubaneshwar railway station is a major railhead in the state. There are direct trains from some of the major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Anmedabad, Hyderabad & Kolkata to Bhubaneswar.


Ports:
Odisha is endowed with a long coast line of 480 kms. along the Bay of Bengal interspersed with numerous ports like Paradeep, Gopalpur, Dhamra etc. Pradeep is the deepest port in India and is the main entry/exit point for sea borne trade in Eastern India, catering particularly to Odisha, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. It is emerging as a primer port of the country. The cargo profile of the port includes iron ore, coal, other minerals, food grains, petroleum products etc.

Airports:
The Biju Patnaik international airport is only international airport in odisha, except this Odisha has 17 airstrips and 16 helipads. The Government of Odisha have announced to develop airport at Jharsuguda, making it a full fledged domestic airport. Five greenfield airports were also to be upgraded at Rayagada, Paradip, Dhamra, Angul and Kalinganagar in an effort to boost intra-State and inter-State civil aviation. Existing aerodromes at Gopalpur, Jharsuguda, Barbil and Rourkela were also to be upgraded.


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