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Transportation in Odisha

A well developed transportation system is the lifeline of any territory. The transportation is a basic requirement for the evolvement of the state infrastructure and well connected state prospers faster in all aspects. Odisha has a network of roads, railways, airports and seaports. Odisha, being a Major state in eastern India is fast gearing itself with all the latest and advance mode of transport. Its capital Bhubaneswar is well connected by air, rail and road with the rest of India. The state has three major ports which handles the water transportation of the eastern India.

Roads:
Roads are considered the most important component of infrastructure, to which nations economy either directly or indirectly connected. Constructing high quality roads of international standard has come to reality in the soil of Odisha because of the potential will of the Government of Odisha.

The state has a great network of roads along with national highways. National highway numbers 5, 6, 23, 42 and 43 run through the state. The State is connected to other neighboring states like west Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Chhatisgarh, through all weather high standard roads.

Major roads of the state are covered by Pradhan Mantri Bharat Jodo Pari Yojana (PMBJP). The approaching roads to the main roads have qualitatively improved. There is an another project Odisha State Roads Project (OSRP) is working for state road development. In recent years the internal roads connecting villages, hamlets have become R.C.C roads. The roads connecting to Gram Panchayat Road and Taluka (Block) Road have also been constructed through R.C.C. In recent days attempts have been made for constructing roads through Public Private Partnership (PPP).


National Highway 6
Rails:
Odisha is well-connected with the national rail network. Major cities of Odisha are well connected to all the major cities of India by direct daily trains and weekly trains. Most of the railway network in Odisha lies under the jurisdiction of the East Coast Railway (ECoR) with headquarters at Bhubaneswar and some parts under South Eastern Railway and South East Central Railway.

The Odisha railway network is the largest carrier of commercial load in both freight as well as passenger traffic in the country. Odisha is a link between Eastern and Western India through the railway network of South- Eastern and East-Coast Railways. Bhubaneshwar railway station is a major railhead in the state. There are direct trains from some of the major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Anmedabad, Hyderabad & Kolkata to Bhubaneswar.


Bhubaneswar Railway Station

Ports:
Odisha is endowed with a long coast line of 480 kms. along the Bay of Bengal interspersed with numerous ports like Paradeep, Gopalpur, Dhamra etc. Pradeep is the deepest port in India and is the main entry/exit point for sea borne trade in Eastern India, catering particularly to Odisha, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. It is emerging as a primer port of the country. The cargo profile of the port includes iron ore, coal, other minerals, food grains, petroleum products etc.


Paradip Port

Airports:
The Biju Patnaik international airport is only international airport in Odisha, except this Odisha has 17 airstrips and 16 helipads. The Government of Odisha have announced to develop airport at Jharsuguda, making it a full fledged domestic airport. Five greenfield airports were also to be upgraded at Rayagada, Paradip, Dhamra, Angul and Kalinganagar in an effort to boost intra-State and inter-State civil aviation. Existing aerodromes at Gopalpur, Jharsuguda, Barbil and Rourkela were also to be upgraded.


Biju Patnaik International Airport


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