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Odisha Judiciary


By Resolution dated August 19, 1942 the Law Department of Government of Odisha appointed a committee with Sri Bira Kishor Ray as Chairman, Narasingh Rao as members and Shri J.E. Meher as the Secretary. The conclusion of the report was that the creation of a separate High Court would round off the organization of the Province and lead to more speedy and convenient administration of justice.

The seat of the court is Cuttack. The court has a sanctioned judge strength of 27. Under the jurisdiction of Odisha High Court there are 14 District Courts. The strength of Judicial Officers are as follows.
 
1. District Judge - 98
2. Sr. Civil Judge - 134  
3. Civil Judge - 263   
4. Special Judicial Magistrate - 18   
5. Nyayadhikari of Gram Nyayalayas - 8

Chief Justice of Odisha High Court:
Justice Amitava Roy was born on 1.3.1953 at Kolkata, West Bengal. He belongs to a family of lawyers. His father Late Anadi Bhushan Roy was a practicing Senior Advocate at Dibrugarh. His Father-in-Law, Late Salil Kumar Dutta had been a Judge of the Calcutta High Court. He did his education at Dibrugarh. After completing post graduation in Physics from the Dibrugarh University, he obtained his LL.B. degree from the same University in 1976. Justice Amitava Roy was enrolled with the Bar Council of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh on 20.02.1976. He had practiced before the district courts in the Districts of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia from 1976 to 1981. He shifted his practice before the Gauhati High Court in 1981 and since then appeared before the Gauhati High Court, the Central Administrative Tribunal, Gauhati and the District Subordinate Courts at Gauhati. He practiced mainly on the Civil, Criminal, Constitutional, Labour and Revenue side. He has a knack in Civil, Criminal and Service matters in particular. He had also been the Senior Government Advocate of the Government of Arunachal Pradesh in the Gauhati High Court from 1991 to 1996. He was a member of Assam Law Commission till his elevation. He was designated Senior Advocate by the High Court on 03.06.1999. He was elevated as the Judge of the Gauhati High Court on 04.02.2002 and was appointed as Chief Justice of the Rajasthan High Court and took oath as such on 2.1.2013. Assumed office of Chief Justice, Orissa High Court on 6.8.2014.

Hon'ble Mr. Justice Amitav Roy

History of Odisha High Court:
Bengal Presidency was a vast province including present day Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal. It was difficult to administratively manage such a vast area, inhabited by people speaking in different languages and having different traditions. Administrative exigencies required separation of such areas which originally did not from part of Bengal. So, new province of Bihar and Odisha was formed on March 22, 1912. However, the said new province of Bihar and Odisha was under the jurisdiction of Calcutta High Court.

On February 9, 1916, in exercise of the powers under Section 113 of the Government of India Act, 1915, the King of England issued letters of patent constituting High Court of Patna. Odisha was placed under the jurisdiction of Patna High Court. Although, on May 18, 1916, Circuit Court of Patna High Court for Odisha held its first sitting at Cuttack.

On April 1, 1936, Odisha was made a separate province but no separate High Court was provided for it. People raised their voice for a separate High Court in their state. After a long battle, Government of India agreed to create a new High Court, and for that purpose the Government of India issued the Odisha High Court Order, 1948, under the Section 229(1) of the Government of India Act, 1935, on April 30, 1948. This order clearly stated that "from the 5th day of July, 1948, there shall be a Court for the Province of Odisha, which shall be a Court of Record". Finally, on July 26, 1948, Odisha High Court was formally inaugurated.
 


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